by Garrido-Maraver, Juan, Cordero, Mario D, Moñino, Irene Domínguez, Pereira-Arenas, Sheila, Lechuga-Vieco, Ana V, Cotán, David, De la Mata, Mario, Oropesa-Ávila, Manuel, De Miguel, Manuel, Bautista Lorite, Juan, Rivas Infante, Eloy, Alvarez-Dolado, Manuel, Navas, Plácido, Jackson, Sandra, Francisci, Silvia and Sánchez-Alcázar, José A
Abstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) is a mitochondrial disease most usually caused by point mutations in tRNA genes encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Approximately 80% of cases of MELAS syndrome are associated with a m.3243A > G mutation in the MT-TL1 gene, which encodes the mitochondrial tRNALeu (UUR). Currently, no effective treatments are available for this chronic progressive disorder. Treatment strategies in MELAS and other mitochondrial diseases consist of several drugs that diminish the deleterious effects of the abnormal respiratory chain function, reduce the presence of toxic agents or correct deficiencies in essential cofactors. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:We evaluated the effectiveness of some common pharmacological agents that have been utilized in the treatment of MELAS, in yeast, fibroblast and cybrid models of the disease. The yeast model harbouring the A14G mutation in the mitochondrial tRNALeu(UUR) gene, which is equivalent to the A3243G mutation in humans, was used in the initial screening. Next, the most effective drugs that were able to rescue the respiratory deficiency in MELAS yeast mutants were tested in fibroblasts and cybrid models of MELAS disease. KEY RESULTS:According to our results, supplementation with riboflavin or coenzyme Q(10) effectively reversed the respiratory defect in MELAS yeast and improved the pathologic alterations in MELAS fibroblast and cybrid cell models. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:Our results indicate that cell models have great potential for screening and validating the effects of novel drug candidates for MELAS treatment and presumably also for other diseases with mitochondrial impairment.
Reference:
Screening of effective pharmacological treatments for MELAS syndrome using yeasts, fibroblasts and cybrid models of the disease. (Garrido-Maraver, Juan, Cordero, Mario D, Moñino, Irene Domínguez, Pereira-Arenas, Sheila, Lechuga-Vieco, Ana V, Cotán, David, De la Mata, Mario, Oropesa-Ávila, Manuel, De Miguel, Manuel, Bautista Lorite, Juan, Rivas Infante, Eloy, Alvarez-Dolado, Manuel, Navas, Plácido, Jackson, Sandra, Francisci, Silvia and Sánchez-Alcázar, José A), In British journal of pharmacology, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, volume 167, 2012.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{GarridoMaraver:2012kq,
author = {Garrido-Maraver, Juan and Cordero, Mario D and Mo{~n}ino, Irene Dom{'i}nguez and Pereira-Arenas, Sheila and Lechuga-Vieco, Ana V and Cot{'a}n, David and De la Mata, Mario and Oropesa-{'A}vila, Manuel and De Miguel, Manuel and Bautista Lorite, Juan and Rivas Infante, Eloy and Alvarez-Dolado, Manuel and Navas, Pl{'a}cido and Jackson, Sandra and Francisci, Silvia and S{'a}nchez-Alc{'a}zar, Jos{'e} A},
title = {{Screening of effective pharmacological treatments for MELAS syndrome using yeasts, fibroblasts and cybrid models of the disease.}},
journal = {British journal of pharmacology},
year = {2012},
volume = {167},
number = {6},
pages = {1311--1328},
month = nov,
publisher = {Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
affiliation = {Centro Andaluz de Biolog{'i}a del Desarrollo (CABD) and Centro de Investigaci{'o}n Biom{'e}dica en Red: Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Universidad Pablo de Olavide-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient{'i}ficas-Junta de Andaluc{'i}a, Sevilla, Spain.},
doi = {10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02086.x},
pmid = {22747838},
pmcid = {PMC3504996},
language = {English},
rating = {0},
date-added = {2018-03-16T12:45:52GMT},
date-modified = {2020-07-09T13:27:50GMT},
abstract = {BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) is a mitochondrial disease most usually caused by point mutations in tRNA genes encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Approximately 80% of cases of MELAS syndrome are associated with a m.3243A > G mutation in the MT-TL1 gene, which encodes the mitochondrial tRNALeu (UUR). Currently, no effective treatments are available for this chronic progressive disorder. Treatment strategies in MELAS and other mitochondrial diseases consist of several drugs that diminish the deleterious effects of the abnormal respiratory chain function, reduce the presence of toxic agents or correct deficiencies in essential cofactors.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:We evaluated the effectiveness of some common pharmacological agents that have been utilized in the treatment of MELAS, in yeast, fibroblast and cybrid models of the disease. The yeast model harbouring the A14G mutation in the mitochondrial tRNALeu(UUR) gene, which is equivalent to the A3243G mutation in humans, was used in the initial screening. Next, the most effective drugs that were able to rescue the respiratory deficiency in MELAS yeast mutants were tested in fibroblasts and cybrid models of MELAS disease.

KEY RESULTS:According to our results, supplementation with riboflavin or coenzyme Q(10) effectively reversed the respiratory defect in MELAS yeast and improved the pathologic alterations in MELAS fibroblast and cybrid cell models.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:Our results indicate that cell models have great potential for screening and validating the effects of novel drug candidates for MELAS treatment and presumably also for other diseases with mitochondrial impairment.},
url = {http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02086.x},
uri = {url{papers3://publication/doi/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02086.x}}
}