by Mondejar-Parreño, Gema, Morales-Cano, Daniel, Barreira, Bianca, Callejo, Maria, Ruiz-Cabello, Jesus, Moreno, Laura, Esquivel-Ruiz, Sergio, Mathie, Alistair, Butrous, Ghazwan, Perez-Vizcaino, Francisco and Cogolludo, Angel
Abstract:
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is an established risk factor for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), however the pathogenesis of HIV-related PAH remains unclear. Since K+ channel dysfunction is a common marker in most forms of PAH, our aim was to analyse if the expression of HIV proteins is associated with impairment of K+ channel function in the pulmonary vascular bed. HIV transgenic mice (Tg26) expressing seven of the nine HIV viral proteins and wild type (Wt) mice were used. Hemodynamic assessment was performed by echocardiography and catheterization. Vascular reactivity was studied in endothelium-intact pulmonary arteries (PA). K+ currents were recorded in freshly isolated PA smooth muscle cells (PASMC) using the patch-clamp technique. Gene expression was assessed using RT-PCR. PASMC from Tg26 mice had reduced K+ currents and were more depolarized that those from Wt. While Kv1.5 currents were preserved, pH-sensitive non-inactivating background currents (IKN) were nearly abolished in PASMC from Tg26 mice. Tg26 mice had reduced lung expression of Kv7.1 and Kv7.4 channels and decreased responses to the Kv7.1 channel activator L634,373 assessed by vascular reactivity and patch-clamp experimental approaches. While we found pulmonary vascular remodelling and endothelial dysfunction in Tg26 mice, this was not accompanied by changes in hemodynamic parameters. In conclusion, the expression of HIV proteins in vivo impairs pH-sensitive IKN and Kv7 currents. This negative impact of HIV proteins in K+ channels, was not sufficient to induce PAH, at least in mice, but may play a permissive or accessory role in the pathophysiology of HIV-associated PAH.
Reference:
HIV transgene expression impairs K+ channel function in the pulmonary vasculature. (Mondejar-Parreño, Gema, Morales-Cano, Daniel, Barreira, Bianca, Callejo, Maria, Ruiz-Cabello, Jesus, Moreno, Laura, Esquivel-Ruiz, Sergio, Mathie, Alistair, Butrous, Ghazwan, Perez-Vizcaino, Francisco and Cogolludo, Angel), In AJP: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, American Physiological Society Bethesda, MD, volume 22, 2018.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{MondejarParreno:2018ia,
author = {Mondejar-Parre{~n}o, Gema and Morales-Cano, Daniel and Barreira, Bianca and Callejo, Maria and Ruiz-Cabello, Jesus and Moreno, Laura and Esquivel-Ruiz, Sergio and Mathie, Alistair and Butrous, Ghazwan and Perez-Vizcaino, Francisco and Cogolludo, Angel},
title = {{HIV transgene expression impairs K+ channel function in the pulmonary vasculature.}},
journal = {AJP: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology},
year = {2018},
volume = {22},
pages = {S55},
month = aug,
publisher = {American Physiological Society Bethesda, MD},
affiliation = {Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Universidad Complutense Madrid. School of Medicine, Spain.},
doi = {10.1152/ajplung.00045.2018},
pmid = {30136611},
isbn = {00045-2018},
language = {English},
rating = {0},
date-added = {2018-08-27T17:08:38GMT},
date-modified = {2018-08-27T17:10:01GMT},
abstract = {Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is an established risk factor for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), however the pathogenesis of HIV-related PAH remains unclear. Since K+ channel dysfunction is a common marker in most forms of PAH, our aim was to analyse if the expression of HIV proteins is associated with impairment of K+ channel function in the pulmonary vascular bed. HIV transgenic mice (Tg26) expressing seven of the nine HIV viral proteins and wild type (Wt) mice were used. Hemodynamic assessment was performed by echocardiography and catheterization. Vascular reactivity was studied in endothelium-intact pulmonary arteries (PA). K+ currents were recorded in freshly isolated PA smooth muscle cells (PASMC) using the patch-clamp technique. Gene expression was assessed using RT-PCR. PASMC from Tg26 mice had reduced K+ currents and were more depolarized that those from Wt. While Kv1.5 currents were preserved, pH-sensitive non-inactivating background currents (IKN) were nearly abolished in PASMC from Tg26 mice. Tg26 mice had reduced lung expression of Kv7.1 and Kv7.4 channels and decreased responses to the Kv7.1 channel activator L634,373 assessed by vascular reactivity and patch-clamp experimental approaches. While we found pulmonary vascular remodelling and endothelial dysfunction in Tg26 mice, this was not accompanied by changes in hemodynamic parameters. In conclusion, the expression of HIV proteins in vivo impairs pH-sensitive IKN and Kv7 currents. This negative impact of HIV proteins in K+ channels, was not sufficient to induce PAH, at least in mice, but may play a permissive or accessory role in the pathophysiology of HIV-associated PAH.},
url = {https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajplung.00045.2018},
uri = {url{papers3://publication/doi/10.1152/ajplung.00045.2018}}
}