by Pérez-Medina, Carlos, Patel, Niral, Robson, Mathew, Badar, Adam, Lythgoe, Mark F and Arstad, Erik
Abstract:
Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are a family of transmembrane proteins that mediate fast neurotransmission, and are integral to sustain physiological conditions and higher cognitive functions. Imaging of VGSCs in vivo holds promise as a tool to elucidate operational functions in the brain and to aid the treatment of a wide range of neurological diseases. To assess the suitability of 1-benzazepin-2-one derived VGSC blockers for imaging, we have prepared a (125)I-labelled analogue of BNZA and evaluated the tracer in vivo. In an automated patch-clamp assay, a diastereomeric mixture of the non-radioactive compound blocked the Na(v)1.2 and Na(v)1.7 VGSC isoforms with IC(50) values of 4.1 textpm 1.5 $mu$M and 0.25 textpm 0.07 $mu$M, respectively. [(3)H]BTX displacement studies revealed a three-fold difference in affinity between the two diastereomers. Iodo-destannylation of a tin precursor with iodine-125 afforded the two diastereomerically pure tracers, which were used to assess binding to VGSCs in vivo by comparing their tissue distributions in mice. Whilst the results point to a lack of VGSC binding in vivo, SPECT imaging revealed highly localized uptake in the interscapular region, an area typically associated with brown adipose tissue, which in addition to high metabolic stability of the iodinated tracer, demonstrate the potential of 1-benzazepin-2-ones for in vivo imaging.
Reference:
Evaluation of a 125I-labelled benzazepinone derived voltage-gated sodium channel blocker for imaging with SPECT. (Pérez-Medina, Carlos, Patel, Niral, Robson, Mathew, Badar, Adam, Lythgoe, Mark F and Arstad, Erik), In Organic & biomolecular chemistry, volume 10, 2012.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{PerezMedina:2012cs,
author = {P{'e}rez-Medina, Carlos and Patel, Niral and Robson, Mathew and Badar, Adam and Lythgoe, Mark F and Arstad, Erik},
title = {{Evaluation of a 125I-labelled benzazepinone derived voltage-gated sodium channel blocker for imaging with SPECT.}},
journal = {Organic {&} biomolecular chemistry},
year = {2012},
volume = {10},
number = {47},
pages = {9474--9480},
month = dec,
affiliation = {Department of Chemistry and Institute of Nuclear Medicine, UCL, 235 Euston Road (T-5), NW1 2BU London, United Kingdom.},
doi = {10.1039/c2ob26695d},
pmid = {23117159},
language = {English},
rating = {0},
date-added = {2013-11-24T10:34:45GMT},
date-modified = {2020-07-09T13:27:50GMT},
abstract = {Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are a family of transmembrane proteins that mediate fast neurotransmission, and are integral to sustain physiological conditions and higher cognitive functions. Imaging of VGSCs in vivo holds promise as a tool to elucidate operational functions in the brain and to aid the treatment of a wide range of neurological diseases. To assess the suitability of 1-benzazepin-2-one derived VGSC blockers for imaging, we have prepared a (125)I-labelled analogue of BNZA and evaluated the tracer in vivo. In an automated patch-clamp assay, a diastereomeric mixture of the non-radioactive compound blocked the Na(v)1.2 and Na(v)1.7 VGSC isoforms with IC(50) values of 4.1 {textpm} 1.5 $mu$M and 0.25 {textpm} 0.07 $mu$M, respectively. [(3)H]BTX displacement studies revealed a three-fold difference in affinity between the two diastereomers. Iodo-destannylation of a tin precursor with iodine-125 afforded the two diastereomerically pure tracers, which were used to assess binding to VGSCs in vivo by comparing their tissue distributions in mice. Whilst the results point to a lack of VGSC binding in vivo, SPECT imaging revealed highly localized uptake in the interscapular region, an area typically associated with brown adipose tissue, which in addition to high metabolic stability of the iodinated tracer, demonstrate the potential of 1-benzazepin-2-ones for in vivo imaging.},
url = {http://eutils.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&id=23117159&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks},
uri = {url{papers3://publication/doi/10.1039/c2ob26695d}}
}